After 1066 only 5% of England south of the Tees remained in English hands. This is what William of Malmesbury had to say about the "1%" of the 11th century:
"The Normans, that I may speak of them also, were at that time, and are even now, exceedingly particular in their dress and delicate in their food, but not so to excess.
They are a race inured to war, and can hardly live without it; fierce in rushing against the enemy,
and, where force fails of success, ready to use stratagem or to corrupt by bribery.
As I have said, they live in spacious houses with economy,
envy their superiors,
wish to excel their equals,
and plunder their subjects,
though they defend them from others;
they are faithful to their lords,
though a slight offence alienates them.
They weigh treachery by its chance of success,
and change their sentiments for money."